Your Guide To Islamic Credit Cards


your-guide-to-islamic-credit-cards

What are Islamic credit cards?

Islamic credit cards are Shariah compliant financial products which are a part of Islamic banking. An Islamic credit card offers perks and features similar to a conventional credit card such as cashback, rewards, airmiles and more. Aside from that, there are extra benefits to Islamic credit cards that are not available with a conventional credit card. This will be further discussed below.

Islamic credit cards need to be Shariah compliant and free from any activities that are deemed as unlawful in Islam. The main differences between Islamic credit cards and conventional credit cards are the prohibition of gharar and riba. Gharar is overcharging, while riba is interest. There are no compound charges as overcharging is also prohibited under Shariah law.

An Islamic credit card would also have a filtering system to ensure that the credit card will only be utilised for halal transactions. It simply means that an Islamic credit card cannot be used to purchase alcohol, gambling or for other activities and purchases that are not permissible in Islam. In the event that the card is used for such purposes, the card issuer will not allow the transaction to go through.

What is Islamic banking?

Islamic banking ensures all financial products are Shariah compliant. Shariah, is the Islamic religious law as defined in the Quran, hadith and sunnah. Islamic banking has the same purpose as conventional banking except that it operates in accordance with the rules of the Shariah, known as fiqh Al-Mua`malat (Islamic rules on transactions). The compliance with Shariah principles is an integral feature in Islamic banking and finance.

In Malaysia, Islamic banking is governed by both Islamic law and financial industry rules and regulations. This means it is very tightly regulated, like its conventional counterpart. Islamic banks must comply with a variety of principles besides not charging interest, such as ensuring the products offered to clients are halal and Shariah compliant. In order to do so, there are Shariah boards which consist of Islamic scholars who are qualified to give opinions on Islamic financial products.

Although the Islamic banking system is different from a conventional banking system, there are some similarities between the two. For example, Islamic banks offer products and services similar to those offered by conventional banks. However, Islamic banks conduct their activities in accordance with the Islamic Shariah principles that strictly prohibits all of the following:

  • Haram business
  • Riba (the practice of lending at high rates of interest)
  • Gharar (speculative or hazardous sales where the value is uncertain)
  • Zulm (exploitative, oppressive or cruel activities and practices)

See also: Islamic Banking 101

Why use an Islamic credit card?

For Muslims, it is mandatory to use financial services that are Shariah compliant. While for non-Muslims, they should use an Islamic credit card to reap the benefits such as the non-compounding charges which will be further explained below.

How does an Islamic credit card work? 

An Islamic credit card works the same way a conventional credit card works, which means you can swipe or wave to make a purchase and you can also use it for online purchases. However, an Islamic credit card has features that make it different such as no interest charge, takaful coverage and more.

Any interest or riba is strictly prohibited under the Shariah law, therefore the service provided by Islamic credit cards cannot involve any interest. It should also be noted that the prohibition of interest works both ways, which means a Muslim cannot pay for interest and is also not allowed to receive interest.

Therefore,  Islamic banks provide Islamic credit cards by charging for their service, which is known as a ‘profit charge’, and will only be charged if there is an outstanding amount that is not paid within the grace period. The profit charge is usually calculated on a daily basis but usually averages around  1.1% to 1.5% per month, which is around 13.5% to 18% per annum . The profit charge is based on a tiered system, which means to enjoy a lower rate for the outstanding balance, you’ll have to make sure you are consistent with your repayments. This is because missing a payment for your outstanding balance will cause banks to increase your profit rate.

Cardholders will usually be required to make a minimum monthly repayment of 5% on their credit card bills (or a minimum of RM50, depending on the bank) by the due date of each month. Failure to do so will make the profit rate charged on your outstanding balance to rise to a higher tier, and you will also be charged a late payment penalty of 1% (or a minimum of RM10 – depending on the bank).

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For example, Islamic credit card from Maybank charges a profit rate depending on the tiered table as per below:

         Per Month

               Per Annum

   Condition of Payment

             1.25%

                         15%

For prompt payment of 12 /12 months

             1.42%

                         17%

For prompt payment of 10 / 12 months

             1.50%

                         18%

For prompt payment less than 10/12 months

Aside from that, there are no compound charges for Islamic credit cards as it is also not allowed. Interest charges for conventional credit cards are compounded, meaning your credit card debt keeps growing if you don’t pay it off in full. When it comes to Islamic credit cards, the profit charge on your credit card balance is non-compounding.

Privileges

Credit cards often comes with perks and privileges, and the same goes for an Islamic credit card. An Islamic credit card usually offers takaful coverage, and some also offer benevolence expenses. It means that in the event of the cardholder’s passing, Islamic banks that offer this feature will pay the premium to cover some, or the entire outstanding balance, of the deceased cardholder. Muslims will also have the added convenience of being able to pay their Zakat with an Islamic credit card.

Shariah Concepts Used For Islamic Credit Cards

Islamic credit cards use various Shariah concepts. The Shariah concepts used for Islamic credit cards in Malaysia are below:

Ta’widh

This word translates to compensation, and Islamic credit cards use the concept of Ta’widh for its transactions. Essentially, it is an agreement between the financier and the recipient. The bank acting as the financier is obliged to provide funding and the recipient is obliged to make payments in return for the financing he receives.

Tawarruq

The concept of Tawarruq is based on the basis where a buyer purchases a commodity from a seller on a deferred payment basis. The buyer then sells the same commodity to a third party where payment is made on the spot. What this really means is that the buyer is borrowing cash needed from the bank to make the initial purchase. This concept provides a way of taking a loan while making sure the loan adheres to Shariah principles. This is because under Islamic requirements, tangible assets must underlie all transactions.

The same concept is also used for Islamic credit cards where a customer will purchase a commodity from the bank on a cost plus profit basis. So the Tawarruq concept is the transfer of asset ownership from a seller to a purchaser. A credit card under the Tawarruq concept then means the bank gives the customer aid to make a purchase, and in return the customer will pay the bank for the aid which was provided through the means of a credit card.

Examples of Islamic credit card that uses this concept in Malaysia is Bank Islam’s Platinum Visa Credit Card – i and Gold & Classic Credit Card – i.

Ujrah

Ujrah is a generic term in Arabic that translates to fee. However, it is usually used specifically in relation to a fee charged in exchange for a service. The Shariah concept of Ujrah used by Islamic banks refers to payment of a service fee in exchange for the services rendered to customers, and most Islamic credit cards in Malaysia are based on this concept.

The Islamic credit cardholder is charged a fee for the services, benefits and privileges provided by an Islamic bank instead of being charged interest. Cash advances are also available under the Ujrah concept, which sees some Islamic banks offering it along with the service of an Islamic credit card. Islamic credit cards which uses this concept are the Maybank Ikhwan and CIMB Islamic MasterCard.

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What are the benefits of an Islamic credit card?

Whilst being Shariah compliant, Islamic credit cards also provide the same features as conventional credit cards. This means that you can enjoy the same perks of conventional credit cards on top of the extra benefits of an Islamic credit card.

Shariah Compliant

For Muslims, an Islamic credit card is an assurance that the financial product is Shariah compliant and adheres to Islamic teachings. Islamic banking adheres to Shariah, which is the Islamic religious law as defined in the Quran, hadith and sunnah. The difference between conventional and Islamic banking is that no money is actually loaned to the client as the bank will “buy” the item for clients and sell it back to them at a marked-up price. Islamic banking has the same purpose as conventional banking except that it operates in accordance with the rules of the Shariah, known as fiqh Al-Mua`malat (Islamic rules on transactions.)

Takaful coverage

Most Islamic credit cards also offer takaful coverage for the cardholder. Takaful is a type of Islamic insurance, where members contribute money towards a pooling system that will be used in the event of losses or damage. Takaful is a Shariah compliant insurance option grounded in Islamic Muamalat (Islamic transactions) products. The takaful industry in Malaysia is also regulated through the Islamic Financial Services 2013 act. Takaful coverage is available for anyone, and one does not have to be Muslim to take on takaful coverage. Some Islamic banks in Malaysia will make takaful coverage compulsory in order to apply for an Islamic credit card, while it is an option for some Islamic banks.

This means that cardholders will be protected in the event of an unfortunate circumstance such as total permanent disability or death. Family members of the cardholder will not be burdened by the outstanding card balance. However, depending on the bank, the total coverage for outstanding balance that will be settled by the takaful coverage will vary.

Convenience of zakat payment

Zakat is the third pillar of Islam and is wajib (compulsory) on Muslim’s who meet all the conditions. Technically Zakat means a fixed proportion collected from a specific type of mal (wealth) when they reach the haul (specific term) which must be distributed to specific categories of people. Zakat is an assigned amount that is worth 2.5% of your wealth which is to be paid to the community. The community is then to use the Zakat contributions to support the less privileged among them. Islamic credit cards offer the convenience and hassle-free way of making zakat payment without having to go to a zakat centre.

See also: What Is Zakat?

The differences between Islamic and conventional credit cards

 

Interest

Islamic credit card

Conventional credit card

No

Yes

Compounding Factor

No, and total liability is known upfront

Yes

Early Repayment Rebate

Yes

No

Non-permissible transaction filtering

Yes

No

Takaful coverage

Yes

No, but conventional insurance is offered

Zakat payment

Yes

 No 


How do you apply for an Islamic credit card?

The first step is to make sure you compare the profit charge among Islamic banks to help you find an Islamic credit card with the lowest profit charge rate.

What are the eligibility requirements for Islamic credit cards?

The process and requirement to apply for Islamic credit card is the same as applying for a conventional credit card.

Applicants must be Malaysian citizens, aged 21 years old and above. Some banks will accept application for an Islamic credit card from expats that meets the minimum required income and with a valid working visa that is longer than a year.

Required documents include:

  • Copy of NRIC (both sides)
  • Latest 2 months’ salary slips or EPF statements
  • Latest 6 months’ savings account activity/current account statements

For self-employed

  • Copy of NRIC (both sides)
  • Latest BE form with official tax receipt
  • Copies of Business Registration
  • Latest 6 months’ Bank Statements

However, depending on the banks, document requirements may vary.

Top 3 Islamic Credit Cards in Malaysia

Maybank Islamic MasterCard Ikhwan Gold Card

maybankislamicpetronasikhwangoldivisa Enjoy Maybank TreatsPoints, where every RM1 spent locally and overseas earns you 1 TreatsPoints. cta-apply-now

This is an ideal credit card for those who are looking for a basic Maybank credit card. Not only does this card give back to you, it also gives back to charity as well. Enjoy Maybank TreatsPoints, where every RM1 spent locally and overseas earns you 1 TreatsPoints. You can redeem the accumulated points for products and services from the redemption catalogue or at the exclusive Maybank TreatsFair. But TreatsPoints have an expiration date of 3 years, so make sure you use up your points before it expires. Take note that cashback is capped at RM50 per month. Aside from that, you will also need to spend at least RM1,000 a month to receive the maximum monthly cashback of RM50.

Features

  • 1x TreatsPoints for spend at petrol, government, utilities, education and insurance, 2x TreatsPoints for other spend.
  • Free Maybank Touch ‘n Go Zing card.
  • Get a chance to win an Umrah trip (for Muslim cardholders) or a holiday package for 2 (for non-Muslim cardholders).

Qualifying criteria

  • Minimum age of 21 years with a minimum income of RM2,500 per month (RM30,000 per annum) for Malaysians or RM5,000 per month (RM60,000 per annum) for expatriates.
  • No annual fees for both principal and supplementary cardholder.

CIMB Islamic Petronas MasterCard

cimbislamicpetronasmastercard Get up to 7% cashback on petrol spend at Petronas and 0.20% cashback from your other spending cta-apply-now

This is an ideal CIMB credit card for cashback lovers as it complements your petrol spending and helps you save more on your daily spending. You can get up to 7% cashback on petrol spend at Petronas and 0.20% cashback from your other spending. You’ll also enjoy a 20-days penalty-free period, which is an incentive for you to be diligent and prompt with your payment.

Features

  • There is no cashback cap on other retail transactions as the cash rebate for that transaction is unlimited!
  • No annual fee

You’re not only getting cashback for your petrol spending, but also for your other retail spending. Cashback as per below:

        Card Value Proposition               Cash Rebate         Rebate Capping

Statement balance of RM3,000 and above

7% on transaction charged at PETRONAS

RM50

Statement balance of RM3,000 and below

3% on transactions charged at PETRONAS

RM50

Other retail transactions

0.2%

Unlimited

 Qualifying criteria

  • Minimum age of 21 years with minimum income of RM2,000 per month (RM24,000 per annum).
  • No annual fees for both principal and supplementary cardholder.

 

HSBC Amanah MPower Visa Platinum Credit Card-i

hsbcamanahmpowerplatinumivisa 8% Cashback for Petrol & Groceries spend cta-apply-now

Want to have access to platinum privileges? This HSBC credit card will open doors to a world of luxury for you. Enjoy countless perks and privileges from HSBC and Visa with this card. Do take note that if there are any outstanding balance, you will be charged a minimum of RM10 or 1% of the outstanding balance, whichever is higher, to a maximum of RM100.

Features

    • 20-day grace period for all shopping transactions, provided that all outstanding balance stated in the monthly statement from the previous month is fully paid.
    • The HSBC Smart Privileges gives you discounts, free gifts, free drinks and more at participating retail outlets and hotels.
    • Premium privileges and offers from Visa, among which are discounts and Visa concierge services.
    • Good cashback program that helps you get the most of your purchases.
    • You also get cashback for purchases made on the supplementary credit card!
     Cashback Category          Cashback Rate         Monthly Cap                    Spend

Petrol and Groceries

8%

RM50

RM2,000 or above monthly

Local spending

0.2%

Uncapped

No minimum spending amount needed

Qualifying criteria

      • Minimum age of 21 years with minimum income of RM3,000 per month (RM36,000 per annum).
      • Annual fees: RM240 (+ 6% GST) for primary card.

You’ll get premium privileges with this card but of course this comes with a price. However with an annual fee of RM240 you may be better off with other Islamic credit card options if premium perks and privileges is not what you’re after.

 

Can non-Muslims apply for an Islamic credit card?

Yes, both Muslims and non-Muslims can use Islamic banking products and services. Islamic banking is not solely for Muslims only, the benefits and features can be enjoyed by everyone.

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What to consider when applying for an Islamic credit card?

Exclusions

Take note that Islamic credit cards have a filtering system, which means an Islamic credit card cannot be used to pay for unlawful purchases i.e.; alcohol, gambling etc. In most cases, this would mean the card cannot be used at bars and restaurants that serve alcohol.

Takaful coverage

Before applying for an Islamic credit card, check if takaful coverage is compulsory or is an option with the card. If it is compulsory, check the extra payment that is required for the compulsory takaful coverage before deciding on the card.

Banks that provide Islamic credit cards

AmBank Islamic

  • AmBank Islamic Al-Taslif Gold Visa Card-i
  • AmBank Islamic CARz Gold Visa Card-i
  • AmBank Islamic Al-Taslif Platinum Card-i
  • AmBank Islamic CARz Card-i Platinum Mastercard
  • AmBank Islamic Visa Signature
  • AmBank Islamic Visa Infinite
  • AmBank Islamic World Mastercard

Bank Islam

  • Bank Islam Visa Classic Credit Card-i
  • Bank Islam Visa Gold Credit Card-i
  • Bank Islam – Alumni UiTM Platinum Mastercard Credit Card-i
  • Bank Islam Infinite Visa Credit Card-i
  • Bank Islam World Mastercard Credit Card-i

Bank Rakyat

  • Bank Rakyat Credit Card-i Classic
  • Bank Rakyat Muslimah Credit Card-i
  • Bank Rakyat Credit Card-i Gold
  • Bank Rakyat Credit Card-I Bank Rakyat – Takaful IKHLAS
  • Bank Rakyat Credit Card-i Platinum

Bank Simpanan Nasional (BSN)

  • BSN 1 TeachersCard Mastercard
  • BSN 1 TeachersCard Credit Card-i
  • BSN Classic Visa
  • BSN Classic Credit Card-i Visa
  • BSN Gold Visa
  • BSN Gold Credit Card-i Visa
  • BSN Mastercard Platinum Credit Card-i
  • BSN Platinum Visa Credit Card
  • BSN Platinum Visa Credit Card-i
  • BSN Platinum Mastercard

 

CIMB Islamic

  • CIMB Islamic Mastercard

HSBC Amanah

  • HSBC Amanah MPower Visa Platinum Credit Card-i

 

Maybank Islamic

  • Maybank Islamic Ikhwan American Express Gold Card-i
  • Maybank Islamic Mastercard Ikhwan Gold Card
  • Maybank Islamic PETRONAS Ikhwan Visa Gold Card-i
  • Maybank Islamic Ikhwan American Express Platinum Card-i
  • Maybank Islamic Mastercard Ikhwan Platinum Card
  • Maybank Islamic PETRONAS Ikhwan Visa Platinum Card-i
  • Maybank Islamic Ikhwan Visa Infinite Card-i

 

Public Islamic Bank

  • Public Islamic Bank Visa Gold Credit Card-i
  • Public Islamic Bank Mastercard Gold Credit Card-i
  • Public Islamic Bank Visa Platinum Credit Card-i
  • Public Islamic Bank Mastercard Platinum Credit Card-i

RHB Bank

  • RHB Islamic Smart Value Credit Card-i
  • RHB Platinum Credit Card-i
  • RHB Islamic World Mastercard Credit Card-i

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